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Tokyo – Japan’s capital city, located in the southeastern part of Honshu Island on the shore of Tokyo Bay of the Pacific Ocean. Tokyo is the world’s largest economic center, as well as the center of political, financial, industrial and cultural life of the country. In the Tokyo metropolitan area, including special districts of Tokyo, Tama area, Izu and Ogasawara islands and several smaller islands. City Tokyo 23 special district form, which themselves have city status. District of Tokyo governor controls, and the city is the state government and the Imperial Palace – the main residence of the Japanese emperors.
Tokyo has a long history – it is known that the first fort here was built in the XII century, and at the end of the XVI century the city was then known as Edo, became the capital of the shogunate. In the Meiji era capital returned to Edo, and the city received its current name, which means “eastern capital”. In Tokyo, intertwined history and the present. Next to the ancient temples can coexist modern skyscrapers and shopping malls. On the streets, where every stone keeps memories of old Japan, you can go in Odaiba, built on artificial land, and being the center of shopping and entertainment.
At the spot where once stood the Edo Castle, the Imperial Palace is located today. The area of the entire territory of the palace complex is 7.5 square meters. kilometers. Castle burned several times during World War II was bombed, which destroyed its wooden buildings. In its present form the palace consists of one underground and two floors above ground. The palace complex is a closed area, and only one part of it – East Park – on certain days open to the public.
Introduction to the history of the Japanese capital, you can start or continue in the Edo-Tokyo Museum. And even if it looks like the building mod (in fact, the architect was inspired by the view of an old warehouse), inside it contains many exhibits showing different eras, when Tokyo was also the capital, and the capital city, and when he was at all a small fishing village.
In Tokyo there are many Shinto and Buddhist temples. One of them – the Meiji Jingu shrine, which is the tomb of Emperor Meiji and his wife Empress Sёken. This is one of the symbols of the capital, the largest Shinto shrine, built in 1920 on the initiative of the public in Yoyogi park. Also worth noting Sensodzi temple with 53-meter pagoda, sanctuary of Yasukuni Jinja, where the souls of fallen soldiers are honored and which is located near the military museum Yusyukan, Zodzё-ji Temple.
In Tokyo, there are several national parks. Partly on the grounds of Tokyo District is a park Fuji-Hakone-Izu National Park, on the territory of which stands the sacred volcano cone of Mount Fuji. Also located in Tokyo Meiji grove surrounding Mount Takao, Ogasawara National Park and Ueno Park, which houses several museums and a zoo.
Tokyo Disneyland is in Chiba Prefecture, actually “sleeping” the Tokyo area. It was built in 1983 and has since grown around the Disneyland hotel and entertainment complex, and there was one theme – the sea – the park. According to the number of visitors to Tokyo Disneyland is the third largest in the world. The park is divided into seven thematic areas in which there are 47 rides – pirate, space, stylized times of the Wild West, and many others – for the little ones and adults alike.
One of the entertainment centers in Tokyo’s Shibuya district is considered to numerous trendy clubs and shops. The area provides some of the tallest skyscrapers in the Japanese capital, the headquarters of the Japanese and foreign corporations. Shopping in Shibuya concentrated in neighborhoods Daykaniama, Ebisu, Harajuku and hatagaya station. In addition, in the area you can spend time and very cultural, visiting theaters and museums – such as the cultural center Bunkamura or national theaters Hatsuday and Noh.
It is said that 900 events are held annually in Tokyo District. Among them there are temple festivals, which are held in Buddhist and Shinto and in temples. Shinto is usually held in the form of marches through the streets with portable kumirnju-Mikos, in which the city sneaked a local shrine. There are festivals devoted to the flowering of some plants – such as azaleas and wisteria, and, of course, Sakura. There are festivities related to the expulsion of evil spirits and bringing good luck. In any case, whenever you arrived in Tokyo, there is always a chance to become a participant of a festival in which the Japanese national character will be presented in the concentrated form.