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Barbara Stanwyck (Barbara Stanwyck) – Hollywood film star 40-50-ies.
Four times nominated for “Oscar” for best actress ( “Stella Dallas”, “With the flame”, “Double Indemnity,” “Sorry, Wrong Number”). The winner of the honorary “Oscar” awards “Golden Globe”, “Emmy”, special prize of the jury of the Venice Film Festival and many other film awards.
Ruby Catherine Stevens (real name of the actress) was born July 16, 1907 in Brooklyn, New York. He passed away in ’82 January 20, 1990th, in the California Santa Monica, due to heart failure and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
For 56-year career in the movie Barbara Stanwyck played more than a hundred films. Even after 15 years of career, Barbara Stanwyck was recognized as the highest paid actress in Hollywood (in the 1944th she received 400 thousand dollars a year). And rightfully entered the history of American cinema as one of the best actresses in Hollywood 1940-50’s. The path to glory was not easy.
Future movie star was born in the family of a bricklayer Byron Stevens having English roots, and his wife, Katherine McGee Irish. Ruby was the youngest, the fifth child of the family. In three years, the baby lost her mother – a woman was killed under the wheels of a tram, where she pushed a drunken passer. Soon, Ruby has lost his father and was left alone with five children, he decided to go to work and went to the construction of the Panama Canal, where he died in 1914, the year when Ruby was 7 years old. After the collapse of the family Ruby and her little brother were in foster care. In 8 years elder sister-chorus girl took her to him. However, the sisters lived for several years. In 13 years, Ruby left school and went to work, worked the packer purchases at the store, the typist in the recording studio. She asked a friend about the service, and he helped her to get a dancer in a night club «Strand Roof».
Suetnov youth led to a fatal error – 15 years Ruby made a failed abortion, because of which later could not have children.
In 16 years, the dancer came to the attention of the producers of the show – she was invited to show Zigfelda and Schubert Theatre. Turning it to become acquainted with the director and playwright Willard Mack, who invited nobody knows the girl in a new production of “Loop”. That Mack became its first and most important teacher of acting. He also advised her to take a pseudonym Barbara Stanwyck (it is believed that it is based on a header in the theatrical poster – Jane Stanwyck to play “Barbara Fletch”).
In 1926, the year of 19-year-old Barbara debuted on Broadway in the play Mac and has received rave reviews from critics. This was her breakthrough. Girl started a theater career, also appeared in silent movies in the images of dancers. A 22-year-old actress played her first leading role in a film about sacrificial love “Closed Door” in 1929-th. Thus began her film career giddy. Already in the mid-1930s, she became a famous actress. The 1932nd married actor Frank Fay, married with whom adopted a child. Second husband, Barbara was a famous actor Robert Taylor, but their marriage also ended in divorce.
In 1938, the year of 31-year-old actress was first nominated for the “Oscar” for her role as Stella simple girl, in love with the son of wealthy parents. This was followed by a number of nominations. By this time the actress has become one of the most successful Hollywood film stars.
Stanwyck starred up to the age up to 77 years, and is not lost on the background of the young. So, for his work as an adult in the television series “The Big Valley” (1965-1969) and “The Thorn Birds” (1983) Barbara won two awards – the “Emmy” and “Golden Globe”.