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Tiger (Latin: Panthera tigris.) – This mammal and the largest predator of the cat family. The body of this beast elongated, flexible and muscular, a length of 1.8 – 3.1 meters and weighing about 270 kg.
The head is rounded, small ears, the tail is long (about 90 cm). Coat color red with black transverse stripes.
Thanks to this unusual color animal may well be masked in the bush. In addition, the color of the skin depends on a specific geographic location, “cat”, that allows to distinguish several subspecies of this animal.
The best known species are the Amur, Bengal, Indochinese tiger. These animals can only be found in Asia (South-East Asia, the Middle and Far East, Primorsky Krai Russia), they live in a variety of areas (such as forests and mountains).
They feed on hoofed animals and is not averse to crocodiles, turtles, crabs, fish and insects. The courtship period usually falls on the winter season, length of gestation varies between 95 and 112 days.
There is usually two to four cubs, in rare cases – one. With young mother tigers live 2-5 years and reach sexual maturity: females – 3-4 years, males – in 4-5 years. Life expectancy is a maximum of 25-26 years.
Tigers always hunted flock. This statement is far from the truth. Many people confuse life with the image of tigers lions lives. Lions – yes, live and hunt in groups, the Tigers – the animals are accustomed to being alone, and therefore prefer to hunt alone. Although there is an exception to this rule Tiger: Tigers can hunt small group in the case of mating season and when the young cubs still can not independently lead a fulfilling adult life.
Each tiger can be distinguished from each other on the trail left by their feet. In fact, the track of the same tiger will always look different on different soil, so it is quite not easy to say exactly what the tiger was in this place.
Tigers can lie for hours in the water to escape from the scorching sun
Tigers are afraid of water. Unlike other felines, just tigers and jaguars not a bit afraid of the water and swim there places with great pleasure. When the weather is very hot, these animals just do not get out of the water, they can lie there for hours to escape from the scorching sun.
Tigers can not climb trees. They belong to the family cat, and then, like an ordinary domestic cat can climb a tree. Here are just a lesson from them is not really a favorite tree and the tiger can only climb if there “sat down” tidbit or if there is a stressful situation. Therefore, a person in an encounter with a tiger does not make sense to hide from the animals on the tree.
Tigers love to eat a man. Typically, a healthy young tiger will never become a special hunt for the man he is enough and other hoofed animals. The old well or ill (injured) Tigers can really attack people because they have not the strength to hunt large prey.
Having produced food for themselves and eat dense, tiger goes on a long journey, not paying attention to other animals. False statement. Tiger – not a fan of long walks, and therefore seldom make long jumps. And he can hunt in any case to submit to it.
There is a separate species of tigers – White tigers. This erroneous statement. In fact, the white tiger is not isolated in a separate group of rocks. In addition, the birth of a white tiger – a fairly rare phenomenon. Such an “ugly duckling” among the tigers can be born of a completely normal orange and black tiger family. The thing is that wool is white tigers can sometimes be deprived of pigmentation responsible for a red color, with black stripes remain unchanged. So it turns out the tiger with black stripes on a white fur coat.
The Tigers are fighting each other for life and death. The controversial statement. Usually, the fight for the Tigers – is a way to prove who is stronger. But as a rule, the strongest will never be a “finish” the weak. As soon as the weaker animal would understand that he can not afford to fight the enemy – he is trying to quickly retreat, and strong, in turn, shows the generosity and does not pursue the fleeing brother.
Tigers hate dogs. What is true is true. The explanation for such hatred are several points of view. One point of view is a long-standing feud between a dog and a cat. Other – inclined to think that dog meat for the tiger is very helpful and is very tasty. In any case, whatever the dog was doing and wherever they are – seeing it, the tiger and strives to “crush” the animal.
Tigers do not live only in Africa
These animals live only in Africa. As suggested by most researchers, all currently known variants of the predatory cats descended from a South China tiger. Gradually, they settled in Iran and Turkey, but at the expense of Africa do not. Of course, today there are more than enough out there, but this does not mean that the Tigers themselves have chosen and moved to this place, probably helped them in this man.