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Lychee (Litchi chinensis lat -. Chinese plum) – a little sweet and sour berry covered korkoobraznoy peel. It grows the fruit on tropical evergreen trees, which reach heights of 10-30 meters. Homeland berries is China.
Lychee has an oval or round shape with a diameter of 2.5-4 cm. Dospevshy fruit has a thick peel red with lots of sharp tubercles. In the food used only the pulp of the fruit, which has a jelly-like structure, color and taste like grapes shelled white varieties. Inside, the flesh is brown oval bone. The main collection of litchi harvest is in May-June.
The history of the emergence and spread of the world
The first mention of lychees, dates back to 2 BC during the reign of the Chinese emperor Wu Di. In those days, China was divided into the Great Wall of China into two separate states: the Southern and Northern China. According to one legend, the ruler of Wu Di was trying to start from the south and begin to cultivate fruit in the northern territories, but due to lack of heat, moisture and fertility of land plants do not survive. Furious, he ordered the execution of all court gardeners. In European countries lychee first brought in the middle of the 17th century.
Currently, litchi is grown widely throughout the subtropical areas of Southeast Asia, where there are harsh winters, and the climate is dry enough.
The use in cooking
The food lychee used mainly in fresh form. However, from the pulp of the berries can also prepare desserts (ice cream, jelly, marmalade), jam, jam, Chinese wine. You can find lychee and dried. This stiffens the fruit peel and dry pulp with a stone rolls freely inside. Lychee in a form called lychee nuts.
Selection and storage
Fresh fruits are very difficult to store and transport over long distances. To litchi lasts longer, they tear bunches together several branch and leaves. At a temperature of 1-7 ° C lychee can be stored for months, and at room temperature – only 3 days.
Buying lychee in a store, you should pay attention to the rind. It should be red, not too soft and without visible damage. Brown suggests nesvezhesti lychee.
Useful properties of litchi
The composition and the presence of nutrients
lychee fruits contain plenty of nutrients, including vitamins (C, E, K, group B, PP, H), minerals (calcium, iron, magnesium, potassium, phosphorus, zinc, sodium, iodine, selenium, manganese), organic acid and pectin.
The doctors of oriental medicine used for the treatment of litchi and prevention of atherosclerosis, the normalization of blood sugar in diabetics, the liver, lungs and kidneys. Together with herbs and lemon grass, lychee used for cancer treatment and recuperation in the fight against disease. It should be consumed at least 10 fruits per day.
Due to the high content of potassium in the pulp of the fruit, it is recommended to use for people with cardiovascular disease, with a high cholesterol level in the blood and anemia. Also, it is used to treat stomach, pancreas, intestine incorrect. In Hindu medicine lychee it is considered an aphrodisiac that increases sexual desire and virility.
Hazardous properties of litchi
Lychee has no contraindications for use. We do not eat them only to people who have individual intolerance of the fruit. Offering lychee children need to make sure that they did not use more than 100 g per day. Also, excessive consumption of fruit can cause allergic reactions on the skin in the form of rashes and redness.