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Jerboa can not be confused with any rodents. They – the only ones who moved on two legs, starting at the same time both hind paws. Moreover, these animals, like humans, can walk and run, relying only on one leg, then the left, then to the right. Some jerboa, when using their two legs at once, able to run with incredible speed, forty kilometers per hour. And they jump during such runs farther than the three meters, which exceeds the length of the body of animals twenty times. Curiously, the length of the hind legs many gerbils twice the length of the spine, and the legs of the foot on the front foot is longer than the whole.
The animals with such extraordinary paws live in steppes, semi-deserts and deserts. Do the inhabitants of the sands – Gundi, boreal and other gerbils – on the fingers of hind legs from the bottom and has a series of ridges straight hair, forming a “brush”. These hairs animals to escape from predators, easy to take off on a steep, loose slopes of the dunes.
Quickly run coney help and tail with a brush, usually white, brown and black hair: it serves as a balancer. Without the tail would have been impossible and unexpected turns that are so skillfully able to do these animals. When jerboa suddenly change direction, he sharply throws tail in the opposite turn.
Jerboa – nocturnal animals. Running at dusk to see the animal is almost impossible: it completely merges with the ground. But he flashed a brush, white at the end, immediately catches the eye. And predator, if he managed to catch up with the coney, grabs it by the tail. However, in the mouth of it remains only a brush. Jerboa sheds its skin from the end of the tail, and thus save his life. This feature should be taken into account if the animal caught in the apartment, what should be a catch. Take his hand on the tail highly undesirable.
Tail Jerboa needed for other purposes. It is stored fat. And by the way it looks like a tail, you can determine a good or bad time in captivity animals. Have exhausted the coney show through on the tail vertebrae, from well-fed – the tail is almost round.
Jerboa that live in natural habitats, passing per night for about four kilometers, returned to their underground home to rest, to sleep. One coney may be a few houses, interconnected galleries.
Jerboa – excellent diggers. And some of them have got great “tools” for digging the earth.
Residents of clay and stony deserts have to deal with a very dense soil. However, their front teeth – incisors, long and thin, easy to manage and harder “ground”. Once in captivity, jerboa-jumpers per night burrow into the wall of a brick house in the course of half a meter in length. And go to bed in the new hole closed, as expected, the entrance to her crumbs of bricks.
However, residents of sandy deserts dig their own homes mainly forepaws. Cutters are used only when the catches of any root or a sand, which necessarily must first loosen.
Jerboa differ greatly in size. The largest – earth hare, jerboa or large – weigh more than four grams. And the smallest – dwarf – only ten to fifteen grams. Nevertheless, all of them found themselves in captivity, large spaces should be provided, wherever jerboa can run, jump, chase each other. Otherwise, they will start to hurt his hind legs and animals die quickly.
Jerboa – animals generally peaceful. Representatives of different species can live together. However, it should be approximately the same size animals. Otherwise, large straightened a little. It happens that among the gerbils one kind of comes across a subject who does not want to live next to him anyone else. So he constantly pursues its neighbors. This coney of common home must pick up and settle separately.
Close the little animals – earth hare, jerboa Severtsova or comb-toed jerboa – need a cage of wire mesh in two to three meters long and one meter wide. What should be the height of the enclosures, easy to identify. Jerboa Severtsova that resemble the earth hare, but a little less than their catching moths, jump up to half a meter. At about the same height and are able to jump Gundi jerboa.
At the bottom of the cages are placed well-dried turf. It jerboa will do, as in the wild, burrow, and inputs and outputs of them. From roots found in the turf, and dry grass they built nests in burrows. Additional building material that needs to be put in a cage, – sheep or camel wool. Her animals are used in the nest as bedding.
From turf on the floor cages double benefit. Firstly, jerboa always clean, because the fine dust well cleans their fur. Secondly, they are endlessly remaking their burrows, so – a lot of moving.
Jerboa medium size – Upland and others – can live in large aquariums area of 1.2 x 0.25 meters, covered with netting. The aquarium also lay turf: one-third the height of the home. And for sand desert dwellers also need a small handful of river sand, pre-screened through a fine mesh strainer. This sand animals will “swim”.
Dwarf jerboa also kept in aquariums. Five-toed pygmy jerboa need turf with fine gravel and salpingotus – fat-tailed – a thick layer of very fine, sifted sand and house, cardboard or wood.
The food is fat-tailed gerbils hemp seeds, sunflower, corn, rice, millet, canary seed, tulip bulbs. Five-fingered dwarf jerboa give millet, oats, canary seed, seed eating, as well as hemp and sunflower seeds. However, the number of these seeds, as well as fat-tailed coney menu should be minimal.
In day one tiny creature eats a half-two grams of the mixture. In addition, pygmy jerboa need animal food: moths, grasshoppers, crickets, mealworms. The animals should be every day to offer fruit (apples, grapes) and vegetables until they begin to get used to and do not eat them.
Earthmoving rabbit or the coney Severtsova give sunflower seeds, watermelon, melon, pumpkin, oats, wheat, rye, corn, dandelion leaves, fruits colza, oatmeal, fresh loaf of bread, apples, carrots, beets, potatoes. In addition, excavation rabbits eat the roots of dandelion. In the fall and winter they need to bring thin branches of aspen, willow, maple, from which they gnaw the bark.
The easiest way to provide food and create decent living conditions to earth rabbit or the coney Severtsova. Only these animals become really tame. The most difficult to contain the comb-toed jerboa. They are very poorly tolerate high humidity, changes in temperature and thus in captivity do not live long.