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Annona (Guanabana, soursop) – a green melon, has an oblong shape with soft spikes on the surface. The fruits of this plant are oval or heart-shaped form, reaching a length of 30 cm. The diameter of the fetus is about 15 cm, and weighs up to 3 kg. Peel guanabany rigid, thin and has a mesh pattern.
This tree grows on the whole territory of tropical America, but is most common in southern Mexico and Argentina, as well as extended to Bermuda and the Bahamas. Appreciate the palatability guanabany, today it is cultivated in India, Australia, South China.
Under natural conditions, the tree is 6 meters. Unlike the other forms anon, guanabana – an evergreen tree. Dark green leaves are oval oblong shape, their surface leathery and glossy. leaf length up to 15 cm. They have a slightly spicy smell, which is particularly noticeable when grinding.
Fragrant flowers guanabany who never fully disclosed, reaching up to 4.5 cm in diameter and are made outside of the three yellow-green fleshy petals and three pale yellow petals inside. And flowers can appear not only on the branches, but also on the trunk.
It is worth noting that collect ripe fruit should be when they are solid, but changed its color to yellow-green. If you leave the fruit to ripen on the tree, they may fall to the ground and be damaged if dropped. Ripe fruit can be determined by clicking on them with your finger – their surface is quite soft. At room temperature, the fruits of a few days may remain strong, and store in the refrigerator for 2-3 days can be. And despite the fact that the skin may turn black, the flesh is still quite edible.
Light creamy flesh is very juicy and guanabany resembles a custard. Fruit inside is divided into segments, which contain usually one oval seed. Fragrant flesh with a bit of tartness reminiscent of pineapple. The fruit contains several dozen seeds. It is important to know that the seeds of this vegetable in some degree considered poisonous. Therefore, before the machining them must be completely removed.
Useful properties guanabany
Fruit pulp is used for the preparation of juices and smoothies, as well as extracts, mashed potatoes, ice cream and sorbet. Sometimes the juice is fermented guanabany. It turns low-alcohol drink that tastes like cider. This fine vitamin source (C, B), containing a mineral salt (iron, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium), as well as carbohydrates, proteins, folic acid.
Thanks to the rich vitamin content guanabanu used for: the treatment of diseases of the large intestine; maintain intestinal flora; improve liver function; weight loss; normalization of gastric acidity; excretion of uric acid from the body; treatment of degenerative diseases of the spine and neurological pathologies.
According to studies it is known that substances contained in the plant even have anti-cancer properties. Unlike chemotherapy, completely destroying all of the cells, these compounds act selectively, ie only kill foreign cells. Besides guanabany based drugs widely used in the treatment of diabetes.
acetogenins substance in tumor tissues is an inhibitor of enzymatic processes. There are a large number of foreign articles, which are devoted to acetogenins as antineoplastic agents. They provide comparative results of the study of anti-tumor activity against guanabana with a chemotherapeutic drug adriamycin treatment. The preparation of this plant does not have any toxic effects on normal cells.
Besides guanabany extract has antiviral effect, in particular being antimicrobial, anti-malarial, anti-fungal and anti-parasitic agent. Infusion of milled seeds – a very strong emetic. In addition to all the oil from the seeds of the plant are used to kill lice on your head.
The bark and leaves of the plant are used as a sedative and antispasmodic agents, and are used in the treatment of cough, flu, asthma, fatigue and hypertension. Tea leaves guanabany used as a hypnotic and sedative. It is also known that this plant helps to cope with a hangover.
Hazardous properties Annonas Scientists believe Latin America, the excessive use of guanabany can contribute to the development of Parkinson’s disease. In addition, from guanabany it is a herbal drug that is used to treat cancers. This so-called Triamazon. This medicine is not licensed and therefore its effectiveness is questionable. Besides, bark and roots of this plant are considered toxic to fish.