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Birthday: 09.02.1909 year
Age: 46 years
Place of birth: Mark de Kanavezesh, Portugal
Date of Death: 08/05/1955 Year
Place of death: Beverly Hills, Portugal
Height: 152 cm
Original name: Maria do Carmo Miranda da Cunha
Brazilian cultural currents Baptist tropikalizma 60
Talent Carmen first ‘discovered’ in the late 1920s, and by 1933 Carmen Miranda has signed a two-year contract with the radio Rádio Mayrink Veiga, as well as played in his first film – “The Voice of Carnival ‘(‘ A Voz do Carnaval ‘). By the end of the decade Carmen Miranda became the real star.
Carmen Miranda (Carmen Miranda) in any period was considered one of the highest paid US stars. Brazilian Portuguese origin, she became the first Brazilian actress and singer in the style of samba, which managed to gain universal popularity. In the name of Carmen Miranda is one of the areas named Hollywood.
Maria do Carmo Miranda da Cunha (Maria do Carmo Miranda da Cunha) was born in 1909 in a village north of the Portuguese municipality of Marco de Kanavezesh (Marco de Canaveses, Portugal). She was the second daughter of Jose Maria Pinto da Cunha (José Maria Pinto da Cunha) and Maria Emilia Miranda (Maria Emília Miranda).
In Brazil, it was quite baby, even up to a year – her mother followed to his father, who had emigrated the year before. It is noteworthy that Carmen Miranda was never separated from his Portuguese citizenship, despite the fact that she had never lived in Portugal.
Settled family in a poor neighborhood of Rio de Janeiro (Rio de Janeiro), where the head of the family opened a barber shop. The girl is very early to show their artistic abilities, and a childhood dream to become a singer or an actress. Parents select it does not share, but because the young Carmen never really advertise their talents. However, her mother was not against his daughter drag show business, for which he was once beaten by her husband, who discovered that the mother has allowed Mary to try out the radio show.
Studied Carmen (then Maria) in the convent school Saint Therese of Lisieux. By the way, his nickname ‘Carmen’ girl has received from her father for his great love for the opera ‘Carmen’ ( ‘Carmen’) Bizet (Bizet).
Later, the girl’ve sometimes come up with song numbers at parties in Rio. In 14 years, Carmen had to go to work saleswoman – medical bills sister, ill with tuberculosis, resulting in excessively difficult for the family.
Thus, working in a boutique and manufacture a hat, Carmen was soon able to open and own millinery business, which proved to be profitable. It is said that Carmen is always and everywhere singing – she sang at work, working on the hats, she sang in anticipation of buyers, she sang even during fittings hats customers.
Talent Carmen first ‘discovered’ in the late 1920s, and by 1933 Carmen Miranda has signed a two-year contract with the radio Rádio Mayrink Veiga, as well as played in his first film – “The Voice of Carnival ‘(‘ A Voz do Carnaval ‘).
By the end of the decade Carmen Miranda became the real star.
In 1939, Carmen was invited to participate in musical revues in the United States, she sang on Broadway, and, in addition, Brazilian actress was presented to the American President Roosevelt (President Franklin D. Roosevelt) at the White House (White House). It is noteworthy that this meeting took place within the framework of the President’s policy to strengthen ties with Latin America and Europe, which, however, does not detract from its importance for Carmen Miranda.
Soon, Carmen has appeared in Hollywood (Hollywood), where she became a true symbol of South America with her temperament and sparkling energy. Her role was not at all straightforward – Miranda always and everywhere played hot dancing beauty in the Brazilian style. She was certainly dressed in bright dresses fluttering open blouse, wearing incredibly high platform, as well as a very fancy hat, reminiscent of a high fruit basket. By the way, this hat has become one of the essential attributes of Carmen Miranda, her ‘calling card’. Carmen even earned the nickname ‘a lady with a tutti – frutti hat’.
These were the years of the Second World War, the fighting was going on in Europe and America suddenly turned his whole person to the neighbors; so, in the United States is a real Latin American Boom, and it was true of movies, and music.
It was during this period of Carmen Miranda was a wildly popular that soon made her the richest actress of her time. It was called the ‘ambassador of Brazilian samba. ” Miranda enough of in movies for more than 20 film roles and starred and TV. One of the most acclaimed films from Carmen was the musical comedy “The whole gang’s’ ( ‘The Gang’s All Here’) in 1943.
However, the ‘Carnival’ Miranda, no matter how dazzling he was, did not last particularly long, and after the Second World War, its popularity began to decline. The last film in which she played, came out in 1953, it was a comedy detective ‘Scared to death’ ( ‘Scared Stiff’).
After retiring from the screen, Carmen Miranda still was maintained for some time to see. She has performed in clubs and still appeared TV shows. However, all this, of course, did not go to any comparison with its former popularity.
In the last years of life of Carmen he suffered bouts of severe depression. August 4, 1955, during a performance numbers on NBC’s TV show ‘The Jimmy Durante Show’, the actress had a heart attack.
Carmen Miranda died that night, after a second heart attack; This happened in her own home in Beverly Hills (Beverly Hills).
Carmen died annoyingly early – she was only 46 years old, and in spite of all the rumors that have to dissolve it on the press, she was completely healthy lifestyle.
Her body, in accordance with her wishes, were transported to Brazil, where national mourning was declared. At the funeral ceremony of Carmen Miranda came about 60 thousand people, and more than half a million people followed her coffin.
Later in Rio de Janeiro museum was founded by her name. In 1995 he released a documentary film ‘Carmen Miranda: Bananas is My Business’, created from fragments of speeches star and her interview.