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The scientific name of avocado – Perseus American (Latin Persea americana.). In people, it is also often called the “alligator pear” because of the pronounced pear-shaped and hard green rind. This is a perennial plant of the family laurel fruit native to South America. Avocado is an evergreen tree that can reach 15 meters in height. Fruit-bearing tree is still about 5 years, and annually generates about 150-250 fruits, which are also called avocado. In cooking, it refers to the fruit.
Avocados on average weighs about a kilogram, is an oval or pear-shaped, with a dense pupyrchatoy green skin and oily yellow-green flesh. At the heart of the fetus – a large hard seeds.
The composition of avocado
The fruits are a valuable crop because of the composition and high nutritional value. Calorie avocado very high – 100 grams of a product accounts for up to 160 kKalory. The entire energy value accounted for nutrients as the fruit contains almost no harmful fats and sugars.
Composition avocado – are proteins, fats and carbohydrates, as well as dietary fibers, minerals, bioactive components (which are also called natural hormones) and water. Because mineral composition avocado rich substances such as potassium, which contains more than bananas and dried apricots, phosphorus, calcium, magnesium, copper, manganese and iron. From vitamins: ascorbic acid, B vitamins, provitamin A, vitamin PP. Particularly high in fruit content of vitamin E, which promotes oxygenation of cells. Another valuable component in the composition of the avocado is oleic acid, which helps cleavage of harmful cholesterol in blood and prevents plaque formation and vascular occlusion.
Useful properties of avocado make you forget even about its caloric content. Regular consumption of this fruit is an excellent prevention of cardiovascular disease and improves memory. Polyunsaturated fatty acids, which are found in abundance, positive effect on the whole body. Therefore, in spite of the calorie, avocado is recommended to include in the diet diet. A rich composition of minerals, in particular, a combination of copper and iron, making it an indispensable product, improves blood.
Avocado is perfect for use in its natural form and as a component for preparation of various dishes, such as salads and side dishes. The fruit is usually eaten cold.