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Just a couple of decades ago, breeders of the world knew of only one breed of Japanese dog – Akita Inu. Her fame has greatly contributed to the history of Hachiko. This dog everywhere followed the master, Professor Ueno Tokyo University Hidesaburo. The man went to work on the train, so the dog accompanied him to the railway station Shibuya in the morning and in the afternoon met there.
But one day the professor did not return home from work. At the lecture he had a stroke, and the doctors could not save Hidesaburo. Hachiko experienced owner for 9 years and all this time he came every day to the station in the hope of seeing him. With this touching story of the breed Akita Inu became a symbol of loyalty and sincere love. And in the 90 years it was divided into two breeds …
The history of the breed American Akita
Most Japanese dogs were “akitopodobnymi”. The compact body, a thick woolen blanket, triangular ears erect, tail wrapped ring – all these signs alike in their appearance with huskies. However, the majority of Akitas were lengthened hair on the cheeks, and some individuals – blue tongue. All these species differ only in size and color.
I must say that the Akita is a very old Japanese breed. Archaeologists have discovered clay figurines of dogs, made roughly in the 2nd millennium BC. e.
The appearance of these ancient dogs resembles appearance Akita. It is believed that the breed was developed by crossing dogs with the north of the country with large Chinese dogs go.
The ancestors of Akita were popular at all times, but most of them have used the inhabitants of the north-western Japan. The archives preserved records dating back to the 6th century, which is painted in detail the rules of training and breeding of hunting dogs. Strong pets participated in the hunt for deer, wild boars and even bears.
The Japanese began to lead their dogs herd books for 300 years before Europeans. Indigenous people are very dear to their native breeds. When in the 16th century on the territory of countries across Asia, European dogs began to fall, the Japanese have developed a classification of their four-legged friends. They divided them into working dogs, domestic and imported. Of course, to the last selection is not allowed.
Hunter and the watchman
American Akitas time skills dogs have increased considerably. Even in the era of the Tokugawa Akita turned in excellent guards. They defended the Japanese house from thieves and intruders from the family owners. Thick warm wool allow them to live outside all year round and take his services regularly.
Japanese mountaineers as the first Akita was used for hunting bears and other animals. In fact, it was a versatile breed which copes with many responsibilities.
In the late 19th century in Akita has another profession. By crossing the breed with the European newcomers: English Mastiff, Tibetan mastiff and St. Bernard – Betta species has been bred. But the dog had nothing to do with their ancient relatives. Although in 1908 the fighting was prohibited, they continued to carry out underground and dogs bred valued its weight in gold.
These Akita at that time remained only in remote villages of Japan. Here they are still used to protect homes and hunting large animals.
On the verge of extinction
In 1854, Japan signed an agreement with the United States on opening ports. Land immediately flooded with foreigners. Many of them brought with them and the faithful four-legged friends. Crossbreeding native breeds at that time no one in control. Therefore, livestock purebred Akita start to decline rapidly.
Only in 1920 the government concerned about their fate. It was founded Conservation Society native Japanese breeds. The organization resumed its tradition of conducting studbooks. In addition, it began to carry out the dog show and recognized several native Japanese breeds, including the Akita.
Alas, during the Second World War, the work carried out has come to naught. The population of Akita in Japan has decreased significantly. Soft fluffy fur of these dogs was very attractive, so that the military often use it for the production of warm sheepskin coats. Disappear before the eyes of the government saved the breed. Politicians have taken the number of dogs under control. Livestock Akita was uneven: there were and Fighting dogs and Akita Shepherd and Matagi, the only surviving features of ancient Japanese breeds.
They became the parents updated Akita. I had to carefully otbrat dogs without “European” impurities. The hard work of breeders to restore Akita culminated in 1963, when the Japanese Kennel Club recognized the breed.
American akitaOdnovremenno the Japanese Akita and interested Americans. During World War II, US soldiers brought home large dogs of the rising sun. Beautiful and brave dogs immediately became popular in the United States.
Already in 1956 there was the first club breeders breed. However, the direction of their work different from those of Japanese dog handlers. While the Japanese were trying to restore an old image of Akita, the Americans tried to create a brand new dog. They managed this by 1960.
A big difference
Modern Akita and Japanese, and American, are quite different from the old Japan aboriginal dogs. To notice this, just look at a stuffed dog Hachiko at the Tokyo Museum of Natural Sciences. Ancient Akita look even easier and more ferocious, as used for the protection and hunting.
One or two?
Interestingly fate Akita has developed in Europe. These imported and “Japanese” and “Americans”. For a long time they have participated in exhibitions on an equal footing as the one breed. But by the end of 1980, Japanese breeders finally decided on the appearance of their offspring. They are closer to the Akita Spitz-like dogs with a fox head. In addition, individuals were excluded from breeding with a black mask and spotted fur, which is often found in American Akita with features muzzle bearish.
In 1996, most countries recognized breed different. And only in the US, Canada and the UK, this division does not apply. There are often used to breed dogs of both types.
The character of the American Akitas
American akitaUchityvaya serious hunting and security Akita past, the owner will have to reckon with the strong character of Japanese-American dog. Yes, she is calm, level-headed and like Hachiko, betrayed beloved master. But the respect that the Japanese samurai need to earn more. The belief in the power of his case will not work.
We’ll have to teach from childhood pet and bring it in the best quality. Otherwise, it will turn into a 55-pound disobedient dog. Alas, monotonous, boring workout is not for him. The best approach to Akita – education in a playful way. Here, you probably need the help of a trainer. Do it until the puppy is under 3 months.
By the way, the breed gets along very well with children, especially if he knows them from puppyhood. But not fussy dog in his look at the world. Needless romps your children with your friends can be perceived incorrectly. Four-footed defender will try to bring order to drive away the “offenders”. Therefore, pet alone with children it is better not to leave.
hunter instinct will also remind yourself. The dog, like a cat, will pursue any small animals. Therefore, in the urban areas Akita you want to display on a leash. It can chase the bird, a rat and a stray cat. Besides, he does it in silence, with a calm and focused views.
This breed is particularly pleasant for people who can not tolerate a dog’s bark. Akita prefer to remain silent, and the words of them will not extend. Only in exceptional cases, they may submit a vote. For example, to drive a stranger from the protected home. In general, this breed is stingy with emotions. But his love for the owner, she expressed very concretely: can lick it from head to toe.
Care and maintenance of the American Akitas
Because Akitas have a pretty heavy bone, puppies can not be overloaded. Do not make this breed of four-legged teen wearing gravity for development musklatury. Joints, ligaments and muscles have become stronger as a result of a balanced feeding and proportionate age loads pet.
Although the Akita luxury wool it will not have to often comb. Only during molting grooming have to do every day. But show dogs often have to endure a hairdresser. pet wool treated to become bulkier. This increases the attractiveness of Akita in the ring.
Akita House is stuffy and uncomfortable. This dog was created for outdoor contents. And if you have got it in the city, for a walk with your pet will have a long and often – Hunter blood is always calling him to nature. Alas, with other dogs breed rarely gets. Among relatives trying to be a leader and may provoke a fight. It does not help even the early socialization. In short, the Akita is easier to walk alone.
Although 2000 is considered the founding year of the breed American Akita, in this pet genes sewn centuries-old memory of the distant ancestors of the Japanese. In short, Akita – a brave, well-balanced and strong dog for a wise and serious host.