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Akita Inu – a Japanese song among all the dogs in the world. Just the name of the breed makes them lovers breaks into a smile. If one were to describe this dog in a word, it would be great to come “dignity”. 70 years ago, the Akita Inu became national property and a monument to the Japanese nature. Most famous among the Japanese breeds of dog breeders, such as Hokkaido, Shikoku, Shiba, Kishu, Koshin-ino, etc., but these rocks simply can not compete with the Akita Inu. Such recognition could only get her so far, and its success could not be repeated no dog.
Akita – it’s incredibly impressive and amazing creation, her every move, look, posture, gait, her head, trunk and tail curled defiantly exude dignity, strength and imperiousness. Despite the fact that this dog is different a little tight physique, its ideal proportions, elegant appearance, and appearance commands respect.
Akita inuEe growing in popularity not only because of their appearance, but also because of the strength of its captivating nature. Akita incredibly temperamental and bold, but at the same time, very obedient and restrained. These dogs prefer the brave samurais. They believed that only this breed can become worthy of reflection. Also, they were used as Emperor protection. This is the result of excellent hunting instinct and qualities which nature has endowed the act.
Where and when there Akita history of the breed
The history of the Akita Inu is very interesting, this breed belongs to the 14 most ancient breeds in the world. This is not just a word or a legend, this fact has been proven by scientists who have studied in detail the pedigree dogs and had a genetic study. this breed is also evidence of the antiquity of the remains, which were found on the territory of present-day Japan, and are about to 2 millennium BC In addition, it was found ancient drawings depicting the dog, in appearance very similar to the modern Akita Inu.
In coming up with an original name of the breed, the Japanese decided not to spend a lot of time and imagination. Translated from the Japanese “Inu” means “dog” and “Akita” – is the name of the mountainous province in the northern part of Honshu. The first dog with the generated appearance there in that area in the 17th century, and its appearance has remained unchanged to this day. They were beloved pets in the most influential statesmen of the royal nobility and even emperors.
This is one of the few breeds that is truly “pure-bred” without “impurities” new bloods. Initially, the Akita was the favorite security guard in peasant homes and an excellent hunter, but in the 18th century changed the dog class and became the “elite.” law was passed, which prescribed that the man who dared to hurt or kill Akita Inu, is subjected to severe punishment. After some time, the breed was only available to members of the royal family and the ruling aristocracy.
Akita inuStoit noted that this fact greatly affected the development of the breed as a whole. Housing, feeding and care of Akita turned in a special ceremony. Each dog was his personal servant, and for them to produce special leads and collars, which could determine the dog’s rank and social status of its owner. Everything had to comply with the respect that enjoyed Akita.
In 1927 it was created Akita Inu Preservation Society. This was done in order to maintain pure breed, and not to Akita was crossed with other dogs. During World War II the majority of Akitas were sent to the front for military use. In those days, breeding Akita slightly suspended, due to lack of food and funds for maintenance. In Japan, we managed to save a few purebred, but in spite of this breed survived the postwar period and has managed to retain all its natural qualities.
It is believed that the ancestor of Akita was the Chinese Spitz-like dog, mixed with the blood of mastiffs. There is also another theory that there was a great Akita by mixing the Siberian husky and mastiff. Although the Akita bit similar to the Russian Laika, but nothing they do not.
In the 19th century on the territory of Japan flooded a huge number of other species (dogs, bulldogs, St. Bernard). The Japanese wanted to create a more aggressive breed that would be able to protect not only their families, but also property. Today, you can not exactly claim that incest is somehow influenced the appearance and characteristics of the Akita, but thanks to these crossings, there are rocks as Karafuto and tosa. Over the past 50 years, the Akita Inu, too, has changed a bit, there was a more powerful and smooth complexion, and more aggression and temperament.
General description of the breed
Akita Inu inuAkita – it is harmony in all things. All her being “screaming” about the fact that this dog is representative of Eastern culture with its restraint, calmness and great dignity. But under the “top layer” calm hides an ardent temperament. Surrounded by their loved ones it is substantially transformed, becoming active and sociable.
This “Japanese treasure” can win only one person with his eyes. Her expressive eyes slanted like “impregnated” wisdom. Some might disagree and say that apart from a special muzzle and “twisted” memorable tail of Akita have nothing more expressive. But this is not the case. Its powerful torso and proud posture distinguish this dog among many.
Akita is a very active and cheerful, it easily becomes attached to his master. But for this it must feel his mutual love and friendliness.
It is interesting to know that … Akita Devotion to her friend and the owner confirmed by a true story that occurred in 1925. A dog named Hachiko. Small two-month Akita Inu was in the house to a Japanese professor who is immensely fond of his new friend. Growing up, every day Hachiko accompanied his master, and met at the railway station. But in May 1925 Professor died of a heart attack before he could return home. A faithful dog proved his loyalty and love for long 11 years. Every day he went to the station and waited for the owner, who will never return. After 7 years, one of the journalists decided to publish an article about the incredible dog, and the story received a wide response in all of Japan. After the death of the dog, in the Shibuya station in a suburb of Tokyo, thanks to funds collected by charities, was a monument to the most faithful friend of man – Hachiko.
The nature of the Akita Inu
Akita Akita inuHarakter – a combination of all the positive qualities that are inherent in other breeds. However improbable it may sound, but Akitas almost no negative aspects of character. From the puppyhood all Akita differ mischievous, cheerful and playful character. Spontaneous outbursts of aggression or changes in mood are not relevant to this dog. Her temperament is balanced, it seems that it is in any situation, “keeps itself in the feet.” Before you rush into battle, or to stand up for the host, it is extremely examine the situation, assess their next steps and possible consequences. Akita is very clever, you can even say that in her wisdom accumulated for centuries.
The negative traits of her character can be attributed boundless curious and desire to always be aware of all the events. His curious and very beautiful nose, it finds itself in every crack of your home, in each box, etc. Only when he heard the noise, it will be immediately on the spot, in order to know the reason for its occurrence. Sometimes the Akita is too much. But fortunately or unfortunately, this quality is lost over time, when the dog is fully matures.
Akita Inu can be a great friend of any family, it is also good for the hosts single, for which it is able to become an indispensable companion. If your home has small children, it is possible to shift some responsibilities to the amusement of the kids on the Akita.
The main distinguishing feature of this breed – the spontaneity and individuality. To Akita could show all their natural qualities and intelligence, it is required to engage in the very first months of life until the end. It is noteworthy that the Akita puppy is considered to 2-2.5 years. Paying due attention to the Akita, communicating with it and satisfy her curiosity, you are sure to recoup all costs, and the result will be intelligent and loyal friend.
Akita inuPosle the dog crosses the threshold puppyhood and becomes an adult, it appears self-restraint and self-discipline. Her behavior becomes quiet and the whole look says that she is completely independent. But it is worth noting that the silent and confident behavior, as well as a serene look – this is just a mask that hides a very gentle, friendly and sensitive creature.
Akita is ready to be friends with all members of the family, but with one important condition – people should treat it with respect and respond to her affection. This dog always appreciate a good attitude to themselves, but also hurt her feelings very simple. Although the whole look Akita says its independence and unwillingness to listen to others, it is not. She did not prone to dirty tricks and s willful. Akita is very obedient and even submissive dog.
To strangers or potential “enemies” the Akita include concealed mistrust. She never puts their vigilance and alertness on display. Everything becomes much more difficult when the other dog is nearby. Whether it’s just the neighbor’s dog for a walk or a new pet, akita will always see him as their enemy who infringes on its “sacred” territory. In this case, it does not hide his aggression and can immediately rush into battle. Maybe it’s an innate sense of dominance over the other quadrupeds. This is another negative character trait, when even the most favorite host is unable to stop your pet.
Akita Inu inuAkita very well built. It is very strong, muscular, sturdy dog, which is characterized by heavy and flat head with a short muzzle, a bit like a bear. Its body is slightly stretched, and the chest is broad and flat, back straight.
It would seem that this dog is a classic shape, but its appearance is very original. Eyes, ears and wide forehead make her look like at the same time on the bear, wolf and fox. Akita from nature has a high growth (67 to 74 cm). It is the largest among all the Spitz-like dog.
The breed standard: basic characteristics
Country of origin – Japan.
The former name of the breed – Japanese dog.
General appearance: large dog with well balanced and strong constitution, the backbone of the heavy, powerful muscles, a broad head a little blunt in the form of a triangle, a small manhole, erect ears open.
Temperament and behavior: friendly, wary, cautious, courageous and obedient, with a strongly developed sense of self-esteem.
Head: large, but proportional to the body. When viewed from above, the shape of akita head resembles a blunt triangle.
Skull: Wide and flat between the ears and between the eyes is a depression in the ground, much of the setting on the forehead.
Nose: large lobe and black pigmentation only small dogs are allowed for white color.
Lips: Black, tightly fitting the jaw; pink tongue.
Ears: compared to the size of the head Akitas ears are quite small, open, standing. The tip of the ear should reach to the eyes, if you tilt it slightly forward. The ears are triangular in shape, but the ends are slightly rounded.
Eyes: eyes small, triangular, not prominent, dark brown in color (regardless of the primary color). The eyelids are black.
Neck is thick enough with a powerful musculature. Short, the minimum suspension gradually expands toward the shoulders.
Skin: not too close to the body but not too loose. The ability to easily fold.
Back: straight and level, loin muscular.
Chest: well developed, wide and deep.
Tail: large, overgrown with hair, set on high, carried slightly curled and curled over the back, rarely held along the back, wrapped by three-quarters of the ring, the tip while hanging on the side. Wool coarse and long.
Legs: front – powerful and straight, rear – are powerful and broad, slightly placed in the hand.
Feet: cat, straight, thick crumb, knuckle bulge.
Coat: double, with a thick and soft undercoat. The top coat is slightly longer than the undercoat and much rougher. The average length of wool around the body of 5 cm. On the tail and on the belly a little longer.
Color: Color can be anything (white, red, yellow, etc.). Chance brindle or piebald. Any color must be clean and clear, with no streaks. Available spots should be a clear outline and does not bleed. Color of undercoat may differ slightly from the basic hair.
Dimensions: height at the withers in males 66 to 71 cm, females – 61-66 cm.
Varieties akita inu
From the moment that was “created” modern Akita, with its unique and recognizable appearance, it actually evolved. Today in the world there are several varieties that appeared by crossing Akita with a German shepherd. These major changes have taken place with the dog still the middle of the last century. At that time it was known 3 types of Akita: betta, herding and hunting. But around the same time, dog decided to recreate the original appearance of the Akita, to return to her natural qualities and to restore the pure blood. The result of long and hard work became a modern Japanese Akita, which is now known worldwide.
There are red and brindle Akita. Bred only a few areas of Japan, but common among many breeders worldwide. Brindle admits the presence of black, red or white. Red Akita – a red dog with white spots on the feet, face and abdomen.
White Akita was developed in the mid-20th century. The dog should be all white except for the black nose.
American Akita – a large and stocky dog. Many Russian breeders prefer this kind.
Housing, feeding and care
Akita-inuStoit note that if you decide to become a proud owner of the Akita Inu, you can not worry about the cost of care and maintenance. In this regard, Akita picky. This dog can be kept both on the street and in the apartment. Its thick and warm “coat” does not allow it to freeze to death in the courtyard, even in the most severe winter. Still, if you decide to leave Akita winter on the street, a good pobespokoytes booth with heat-insulated flooring.
A “apartment” Akitas require twice-daily walk, at least 2 hours. During akita walks more than calm, she proudly and reserved paces beside his beloved master. But if the company is suitable to meet relatives, she happily frolic and run. Also, the “apartment” Akita will not get sufficient exercise. At this should pay attention and do not give it to gain too much extra weight. In this case, the dog may become lazy, indifferent and even naughty.
With regard to hair, there is also no need complex care. One need only spend 2 days a week for thorough combing and combing tangles. Few can become complicated moult. At this time, the dog will need your help. To ease her suffering and accelerate the process of updating the “coat”, you need to comb out its special brush or mittens through each day.
Akita is not the dog, which can often be subjected to water procedures. Regular bathing can lead to various diseases. It will be enough to swim in the 2-3 year. And only need to use a special detergent for dogs. After that, it is necessary to thoroughly dry the hair with a towel or hairdryer.
By the choice of food for the Akita must be taken responsibly and carefully, and indeed for any other dog. In no case do not feed your dog from your table. The best option would be selected dry food. Although it is possible to combine it with a traditional but well-balanced food. For example, a couple of times a week to treat Akita low fat cottage cheese or yogurt, lean cuts of meat and vegetable broth. The dry feed is already provided for the availability of all the necessary vitamins and trace elements. At the pet must always be clean and fresh water. During molting, it is desirable to combine food with special additives that contribute to good growth of healthy hair.
Training and education
Akita-inuEsli you decide to engage in training and upbringing of Akita, then be prepared for disobedience, stock up on a lot of patience and free time. Akita – this is a very proud, willful and independent dog with difficult temperament.
One has only to recall the phrase of one of the heroes of the famous movie about Hachiko, “the Akita – a true Japanese, and it will bring you the ball only in those cases, if it is to be a good reason.”
Education of Akita should be consistent and gentle. But at the same time, the host must be hard and “flexible”. If the Akita will feel with your hand even a hint of authoritarianism, pressure and roughness, it can withdraw, seriously worrying this situation. But before you run the command, she thought at first, and only then it can perform, and can just turn around and leave. It seems that she just does not see any sense in asking about its owner.
Akita Foster should start since puppyhood, or from the moment the dog crossed the threshold of your home. It should be the very first step to make an effort and try to instill respect for the dog to all family members, as well as possible in time to get rid of bad habits.
Akita becomes adult after 2 years. If you’re pulling long and decided to raise a dog from this age, you can not even start. During this period she had already formed his own opinion about everything, and convince her would be almost impossible. Moreover, if time does not engage in education, training and in training Akita, it’s an incredibly intelligent creation simply can not develop a the level of intelligence, for which it is appreciated and loved around the world.
It is necessary to make it clear melenko Akita that you are master of the house, but also you and a friend. The dog should feel equal with you, but do not let yourself too much. We need to try to explain how you want it to apply to your family members, friends and strangers. In the case of Akita, as well as with other dogs in the process of education works fine reflex positive. Encourage her every success and good tasty sweet words.
It is also important to pay attention and to make time for socialization baby Akitas. Since the nature of this dog is born dominant, and even the little puppy will attempt to “crush” under her counter each dog. But under the guidance of his master, the puppy could escape the fate of an aggressive and uncontrollable dog.
How to choose and where to buy a puppy?
Akita inuSamoe first and one of the most important rules relating to the acquisition of toddler-Akita – in any case do not buy a puppy in the market or in untested vendor who will offer you a dog on the street or in the subway. Akita – a pedigree dog, and even if your pup offers Japanese, claiming that it was “the same dog as the movie about Hachiko”, it is still not worth the risk. The most proven and reliable place to select and purchase a purebred dog – breed club akita inu. Even better, this club has been recognized worldwide.
Here, finally, you get to the puppies. Choose a litter with little kids. Focus on the average parameters. Before you go shopping, decide the purpose for which you want to buy a pet. Should it become a future champion and the manufacturer or true and faithful friend to you and your family. If the first option, you need to go to the club with cynologist or an expert of the breed. And if you are looking for another soul, guided by following a few tips to help you make a choice on their own:
The first thing to ask the seller – a pedigree dog, as well as certificates or prizes her parents. All information about health, possible genetic diseases or the presence of allergic reactions.
Do not buy a puppy whose parents were in the closely related communications. This can be bad for their health and development.
It is advisable to look at the parents, talk to them. Check how well they go on contact, what their character will be able to notice any particular psyche. After reviewing all this, it is possible to “create” the future character of small pet and understand what to expect from him.
Appearance, state and behavior to help determine the choice of a healthy puppy. Observe how little Akita eating, playing, communicating with fellow. It is also necessary to check whether the dogs have ticks, fleas, worms and other parasites. Eyes should be shiny and clean ears without emissions. From puppy should not be an unpleasant smell or odor of skunk. “Fur coat” of a healthy baby is clean, shiny, without tangles. Teeth are smooth, without damage, the whole claws. Little Akita is acceptable to be slightly plump. But it must be an active, playful, with no apparent signs of aggression and cowardice.
The most important thing – this is a reaction to your pet’s newfound potential host. His eyes must be clearly readable boundless curiosity and a desire to communicate. His interest is to gradually develop into a tireless desire to play. Only then I can confidently say that the baby is ready for a new adventure with a new owner.
Health and possible problems
Akita-inuV general, Akitas fairly healthy dog. But there is a tendency to certain diseases, which are extremely rare:
Hip Dysplasia – in such cases, the dog may simply be immobilized. At the same time she feels a lot of pain. The disease is genetic, hereditary, so these dogs are excluded from breeding.
Ectropion – this defect is also inherited. Edge century flips inwards or outwards. Correcting only operable.
Twisting of the stomach – not a hereditary disease. It arises as a result of overeating and lack of movement. The greater weight of the Akita, the greater the likelihood of bloat. For the prevention of this disease should be carefully selected diet for the dog, and monitor the amount eaten (2-3 times a day, small portions).
Breeding Akitas and price
Since the Akita Inu belongs to the species of late development, and maturation only occurs in 2 years, binding should be started no earlier than the third estrus in females. If the dog is healthy and has no significant changes in the standards of breeding-after, the pregnancy and childbirth have to go well. On average, adult bitches litter consists of 4-6 pups. Although this breed characterized by multiple pregnancy with 8-14 pups per litter. Pregnancy in Akita lasts from 57 to 62 days.